Cover of: Modeling the impacts of transportation systems management on vehicle emissions |

Modeling the impacts of transportation systems management on vehicle emissions

phase I report
  • 119 Pages
  • 4.75 MB
  • 9514 Downloads
  • English

State of Illinois, Institute of Natural Resources , Chicago
Motor vehicles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Illinois -- Chicago Metropolitan Area., Transportation -- Management -- Environmental aspects -- Illinois -- Chicago Metropolitan

Places

Illinois, Chicago Metropolitan

Statementby David E. Boyce ... [et al.].
SeriesDocument - State of Illinois, Institute of Natural Resources ; no. 79/09
ContributionsBoyce, David E.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTD886.5 .M62
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 119 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4070528M
LC Control Number79624518

Modeling the Impacts of Transportation Systems Management on Vehicle Emissions Phase I Report (Book). The paper identifies the current state of the art on vehicle fuel consumption and emissions modeling and its utilization to test the environmental impact of the Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Motor Vehicle Emissions Modeling Guidance Transportation conformity requires transportation plans, programs and projects in any nonattainment area for carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, or ozone to evaluate air quality impacts before receiving Federal approval.

In the existing literature, transportation emissions are calculated with aggregate travel activity and emissions factors, however, emissions factors are sensitive to trip speed and vehicle characteristics, implying that considering those factors can change transportation emissions as well as the estimated effects of the built environment.

ASSESSING THE EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION IMPACTS OF ITS 1. Introduction Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have generated considerable enthusiasm in the transportation community as a potential strategy for reducing highway congestion, improving highway safety, enhancing the mobility of people and goods, promoting economic productivity, and reducing the environmental.

CHAPTER 4. CONNECTED VEHICLE IMPACTS OF PERIPHERAL INTELLIGENT Transportation Management Centers (TMCs) and ITS systems could change dramatically, with the timeframe largely dependent on the adoption of technology by private Effects on Intelligent Transportation Systems Planning and Deployment in a Connected Vehicle Environment 3.

The transportation sector accounts for 26% of total U.S. greenhouse emissions (GHG) as ofmaking it the second largest contributor after the electricity sector. Energy and emissions regulations have been proposed by various governing bodies in the U.S. to address long-term energy consumption and emission-reduction by: Measuring and Modeling Vehicle Emissions: Methodology and Applications Nagui M.

Rouphail, PhD Director, ITRE and Professor of Civil Engineering North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC, USA Distinguished Lecturer Seminar Series Center for Multimodal Solutions for Congestion Mitigation University of Florida December 3, 1.

Introduction. Road transportation has improved the standard of living by connecting people and businesses. However, it has also created substantial challenges including congestion, air quality deterioration, and land use issues (Uherek et al., ).To manage environmental impacts, road transport emission inventories have been established by governmental stakeholders and researchers to Cited by: These test programs and modeling estimate the emissions impacts of changes in fuel properties and composition.

Biodiesel Emissions Analysis Program: uses existing data to quantify the air pollution emission effects of biodiesel for diesel engines that have not been specifically modified to operate on program examines the emission impacts of biodiesel and biodiesel/diesel blends.

Connected vehicle (CV) technology is expected to enhance a wide range of benefits to highway traffic. A critical research need lies in clarifying the cause-and-effect mechanism between the CV information and driver behaviors and performance measurements of CV effect on operation, safety, and emissions reductions at a certain highway facility.

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been touted as a transportation technology with lower fuel costs and emissions impacts than other vehicle types.

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Most analyses of PHEVs assume that the power system operator can either directly or indirectly control PHEV charging to Cited by: High Automobile Emissions: Modeling Impacts and Developing Solutions Sangjun Park Abstract In the last few years, scientific consensus is that emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere is contributing to changes in the earth’s climate.

While uncertainty remains over the pace and. The International Vehicle Emissions (IVE) Model is a computer model designed to estimate emissions from motor vehicles. The model is intended to help cities and regions develop emissions estimates to: • Focus control strategies and transportation planning on those that are most effective.

By following the guidelines, air quality analysts can more efficiently determine GAV data input needs and achieve consistency among emissions modeling studies. Summary of General GAV Data Required for Emissions Modeling Regardless of the purpose or requirement for the emissions modeling, the collection or devel- opment of certain model.

Unlike conventional air pollutants, carbon dioxide emissions are directly tied to the amount of fuel consumed and its carbon intensity. Therefore, emissions reductions can be achieved by increasing the use of low-carbon fuels, improving fuel economy, or reducing total vehicle miles of travel - often called the three legged : Sangjun Park.

Description Modeling the impacts of transportation systems management on vehicle emissions PDF

Forecasters may need to update their models to more precisely reflect air quality impacts these new vehicle types will bring. Second, transportation and land use planners will need to track how the production, distribution, transmission, and dispensing of fuels to support these new vehicles will integrate with current land use policies.

Road transportation is a major fuel consumer and greenhouse gas emitter. Recently, the intelligent transportation systems (ITSs) technologies, which can improve traffic flow and safety, have been developed to reduce the fuel consumption and vehicle emissions.

Emission and fuel consumption estimation models play a key role in the evaluation of ITS by: Vehicle Analysis future mobility trends, such as sharing, fleet management, and the evolving vehicle mix, which will critically impact fuel use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

The reviewer would like to see more details about future funding initiatives, particularly as they relate to. Transportation System and Demand Management Programs, and Emerging Technologies Proposed Transportation System Management (TSM) and Transportation Demand Management (TDM) investments have been developed so as to maintain the greatest mobility benefits through the application of innovative technologies that maximize network efficiencies.

The Environmental Protection Agency developed a model named the MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) that counties in all states except California use to estimate emissions from mobile sources.

The input data for vehicle speed and distributions of vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) by hour, day type, and month for this model comes from one of two. The environmental impact of transport is significant because transport is a major user of energy, and burns most of the world's creates air pollution, including nitrous oxides and particulates, and is a significant contributor to global warming through emission of carbon dioxide.

Within the transport sector, road transport is the largest contributor to global warming. • Vehicle emissions data for cold climates is sparse and the accuracy of vehicle emissions model parameterizations for air toxics in cold climates is not known.

Project Motivation - Cold Climates 3 Salt Lake City on January 9, (The Salt Lake Tribune). “At C (-4 F), cold start emissions of hydrocarbons emitsFile Size: 3MB.

Evaluating Vehicle Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs assesses the effectiveness of these programs for reducing mobile source emissions. In this report, the committee evaluates the differences in the characteristics of motor vehicle emissions in areas with and without I/M programs, identifies criteria and methodologies for their.

Performance Standard Modeling for New and Existing Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) Programs Using the MOVES Mobile Source Emissions Model Transportation and Climate Division Office of Transportation and Air Quality U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency United States Environmental Protection Agency EPAB November An analytical model for vehicle miles traveled and carbon emissions for goods delivery scenarios Anne Goodchild1 & Erica Wygonik2 & Nathan Mayes3 stand the marginal impacts on emissions and vehicle miles portance when considering aggregate modeling of total emis-sions.

We therefore begin with seeking to understand vehicleCited by: 5. Transportation Research Board, and National Academies of Sciences Engineering and Medicine, Response to Extreme Weather Impacts on Transportation Systems.

The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, doi/ ↩Cited by: 6. Comment on “Modeling the Impacts of Electricity Tariffs on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging, Costs, and Emissions” by Ramteen : Edieal J.

Pinker. emerging paradigms aiming to deploy and develop transportation systems that enable automated driving and data exchange among vehicles, infrastructure, and mobile devices to improve mobility, enhance safety, and reduce the adverse environmental impacts of transportation systems.

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Based on these premises, the focus of this research isCited by: 1. Chen joined the Engineering Systems and Environment Department's Civil and Environmental Engineering Program at University of Virginia in August Her research focuses on sustainable transportation systems (in particular modeling the impacts of new vehicle technologies systems on traveler behavior and the environment), travel demand modeling, transportation economics, and crash.

In considering the impacts of the Kyoto Protocol and other GHG emissions reduction policies or programs, the U.S.

Department of Transportation (DOT), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have employed a number of useful models.Center for Environmental Research and Technology University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering Presentation Outline • Conventional Vehicle Emissions Modeling • U.S.

EPA’s MOBILE Model • California Air Resources Board’s EMFAC Model • Vehicle Emissions Modeling Across Different Scales • Modal Emission Modeling • Integrating Transportation and Emission Models.Transport Emissions Evaluation Models for Projects TEEMP is a suite of excel-based, free-of-charge, suite of spreadsheet models and methods that can be used to evaluate the greenhouse gas (GHG), air pollution, and other impacts of many types of transportation projects.